Continuity and discontinuity characterise a (post-)conflict environment. Certain aspects of pre-war configurations persist throughout an armed conflict, others change drastically. In most cases, however, not least due to the intervention of external actors, the (post-)conflict configuration presents an opportunity for local and national actors to (re-)position themselves.
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Memories Without Borders is a unique Turkish-Armenian-Azerbaijani 54-minute documentary, looking at the impacts of troubled histories on individual lives today. At the meeting point between official history and personal lives Memories Without Borders challenges audiences to ask: what do we choose to remember about others, and what do others choose to remember about us?
Historical formulations such as conflict management, conflict resolution, citizen diplomacy, Track II, peacebuilding and statebuilding, all rested to some degree on the recognition of local, social dynamics of peace, and their legitimacy, when they were first formulated. Yet such concepts have all quickly been co-opted into the formal and political framework of the states-system and its conflict management/ peacebuilding/ statebuilding tools. New iterations of local, social processes of peacemaking are now emerging, including what have been described as 'local infrastructures for peace'.
Conflict is a staple of human experience, but remembrance of it takes many different forms. The concept of space is integral to understanding the enactment and representation of conflict and helps to explain conflicting practices of commemoration across the world.
The Jury of what is also known as the Alternative Nobel Prize this year recognises Gene Sharp (USA) “for developing and articulating the core principles and strategies of nonviolent resistance and supporting their practical implementation in conflict areas around the world”.
Ther Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided that the Nobel Peace Prize for 2012 is to be awarded to the European Union (EU). The union and its forerunners have for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe.
In USIP's Olive Branch blog Virginia Bouvier writes on 27 August 2012: "Tonight Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos confirmed the rumors that crested and then exploded after former President Alvaro Uribe tweeted that President Santos had authorized secret peace talks in Havana between government authorities and the Colombian Revolutionary Armed Forces (FARC), Colombia’s largest guerrilla group.
The purpose of this programme is to enable junior talented and promising university post-graduates who hold at least a Masters Degree from the Member States of the EU to gain first-hand experience in the work of Delegations and a deeper insight into their role in the implementation of EU external relations policies, including the Common Foreign Security Policy.
In cooperation, Friedrich Ebert Foundation and the London School of Economics have implemented a study project that explores from both a top down and a bottom up perspective, the norm of local ownership and the challenges of promoting it in the context of international peacebuilding. Within the study three cases of late-stage intervention emerged: Bosnia, Kosovo and Afghanistan. The research findings reveal the need to re-think local ownership within international peace building, both in theory and in practice. It underlines the need for a more rigorous concept of local ownership that takes account of grass root perceptions and expectations of peacebuilding, and which constructs an effective relationship between local and external actors.
Käte-Hamburger-Kolleg /Centre for Global Cooperation Research (GCR21) at the University of Duisburg-Essen offers fellowships in its Research Unit “Global Cultural Conflicts and Transcultural Cooperation”.