Wanted: Good Governance - Protection of minorities and human rights in northern Iraq
|Title||Wanted: Good Governance - Protection of minorities and human rights in northern Iraq|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Subtitle / Series Title||BICC Policy Brief 2/2017|
|Institution||Bonn International Center for Conversion|
Dealing with the aftermath of the current situation in northern Iraq requires a mid-and a long-term strategy. The author of BICC Policy Brief 2 \ 2017 “Wanted: Good Governance - Protection of minorities and human rights in northern Iraq”, Markus Rudolf, stresses that both have to recognize limitations that are due to the cyclical re-occurence of conflict and that mirror specific historical and socio-political circumstances. The researcher in particular recommends:
Create inclusive economic incentives
Camps can only be a strictly short-term solution. In the mid-term, cash-for-rent schemes under the roof of an international organization such as the United Nations are necessary. Add rent subsidies from the beginning and combine vocational training, higher education and cash-for-work schemes in parallel to create inclusive economic incentives in the long run.
Promote small- and medium-sized enterprises with a conflict-sensitive approach
Connect profound conflict and market analyses to (re-)build sustainable livelihood activities and markets. Rather than returning to an inefficient economic system, small- and medium-sized enterprises ought to be promoted.
Apply a needs-based community approach that addresses IDPs, refugees and hosts alike
Foster local integration and reintegration policies of regional governments by creating the necessary additional infrastructure (housing/education/health) in destination communities as a compensation for the solidarity of hosting populations rather than increasing social tensions by targeting specific groups—such as vulnerable persons.
Link the protection of human rights with the delivery of assistance
Reward minority/human rights guarantees, (re-)integration projects and good government practice by making them a prerequisite for assistance.
Foster reconciliation activities between host communities and the displaced
Frame all activities with inter-community trust-building activities intended to foster reconciliation. Infrastructure projects should create spaces that connect hosts and displaced persons while respecting traditional structures of ethno-religious co-existence amongst different communities.
Make psychosocial support mandatory
Traumata are prevalent and have to be addressed in all projects by providing respective psychosocial support.