Institutionalizing Security Sector Reform
|Title||Institutionalizing Security Sector Reform|
|Subtitle / Series Title||USIP Special Report|
|Year of Publication||2010|
|Volume||USIP Special Report No. 255|
|Number of Pages||16 pp.|
|Publisher||United States Institute of Peace (USIP)|
This report offers a framework for institutionalizing security sector reform (SSR) within the U.S. government. It is informed by the work of the Institutes Initiative for Security Sector Governance and presentations at its June 2930, 2010, conference, "International Policy on Security Sector Governance: Opportunities and Gaps." Since its inception in 2007, the Initiative for Security Sector Governance has facilitated the exchange of ideas between U.S. officials and their counterparts in other donor capitals and among multilateral organizations, nongovernmental organizations, the private sector, and local owners of SSR processes. This initiative has helped stakeholders in the U.S. government advance the SSR agenda.Summary- International donor assistance can make a decisive difference in a partner countrys security sector reform (SSR) efforts. To be successful, donors must be able to organize SSR activities among disparate ministries and departments in their national capital.- Successful whole-of-government SSR efforts are based on a common framework for organizing SSR activities that includes interagency policy guidance; interagency assessment, planning and programming, and evaluation; flexible funding mechanisms; interagency structures; and human capital.- The U.S. government should apply this institutional framework to better organize its provision of security-related assistance. Institutionalizing SSR in Washington will enable more effective support for U.S. country teams and more effective implementation of programs in the field.- Realizing such an institutional framework will make the U.S. government a more effective partner and secure a better return on its investments in the security of partner countries. The United States has made major strides toward making SSR an institutional priority, but much more needs to be done to mainstream SSR in Washington.