Has Peacebuilding Made a Difference in Kosovo?

TitleHas Peacebuilding Made a Difference in Kosovo?
Publication TypeBook
Subtitle / Series TitleA Study of the Effectiveness of Peacebuilding in Preventing Violence: Lessons Learned from the March 2004 Riots in Kosovo
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsChigas, D, Church, C, de la Haye, J, Llamazares, M, Markovic, O, Neofotistos, V, Venhari, A
Number of Pages178 pp.
PublisherCDA Collaborative Learning Projects - Reflecting on Peace Practice Project & CARE International
Accession Number1311
Abstract

(The following text has been taken from the summary of findings:)
The violence of March 2004 prompted many agencies to reflect on their peacebuilding programming throughout Kosovo. What had gone wrong? Could they have done better? Some communities escaped the violence. This study was commissioned by CARE International, with other NGOs, and funded by the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office, CARE UK, CARE Austria, and CDA Collaborative Learning Projects' Reflecting on Peace Practice project. It looks at what went right in those communities, and what lessons can be learned from those experiences to improve the effectiveness of peacebuilding programming in preventing violence in the future. What factors enabled communities to avoid or resist inter-ethnic violence? To what extent did peacebuilding work contribute to these factors? The study was conducted in three phases. Between January and May, 2005, we conducted a desk study and several consultative workshops with NGOs and other agencies in Kosovo to analyse patterns of violence from 2002 onward. The results informed our selection and conduct of field-based, rich narrative case studies from June - November 2005 in seven communities, interviewing about 200 people individually about their community's experience with inter-ethnic violence and peacebuilding. In the final phase, we analysed the cases collaboratively in several consultative workshops in Kosovo, Washington and Boston with NGOs, donors, international agencies and issue experts.The findings reflect what we have heard from a wide range of people in these communities and the international and governmental organisations and NGOs, about what has enabled them to avoid or resist violence, or, in cases where there was violence, what happened and why.
The study produced several major findings regarding the prevention of inter-ethnic violence in communities and the possible roles and contributions of peacebuilding programming.
- Perceptions of improvements in inter-ethnic violence (IEV) from 2002 - 2004 masked a reality of a steady level of inter-ethnic violence during that time.
- Contrary to expectation, places with greater inter-ethnic contact - whether in the form of business/economic ties or personal relationships - did not experience less violence.
- Intra-ethnic social networks (or "bonding social capital") were more important than inter-ethnic engagement in preventing violence.
- Peacebuilding programming did not contribute significantly to prevention of interethnic violence.

URLhttp://www.cdainc.com/cdawww/publication.php
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