Early Recovery in Post-Conflict Countries

TitleEarly Recovery in Post-Conflict Countries
Publication TypeBook
Subtitle / Series TitleA Conceptual Study

CRU Occasional Papers

Year of Publication2010
AuthorsMaier, R
VolumeCRU Occasional Papers
Number of Pages88 pp.
PublisherClingendael Institute
CityThe Hague
Accession Number1460

In recent years, the term "early recovery" has emerged as one of the main topics in the international debate on post-conflict development. While a broad array of concepts and approaches are present in the international arena, there is currently no consensus on what is meant by "early recovery", both in policy and programmatic terms. To analyze these issues, this study critically discusses, in a first step, the policy strategies and operational frameworks of selected bilateral donors, regional organizations as well as multilateral institutions to disentangle the main background concepts underlying the policy concepts and to inform the reader of the major challenges involved.Key research questions are- the relations and trade-offs between the strategic objectives of peace-building as well as security and development,- the analytical integration of socio-economic development and conflict,- the methodological conceptualization of the 'transition' phase,- the trade-offs between short and long-term development objectives,- and the challenge of sequence and prioritization.In a second step the study discusses key socio-economic challenges of an early post-conflict situation to give a broad overview of relevant socio-economic policy areas. The basic idea is to present stylized facts and binding constraints from cross-country as well as comparative country experience. While each country context needs specific political and economic analysis, the comparison of heterogeneous country experiences reveals common issues and serves as an organizing framework for country-specific priority areas.The priority areas are presented by comparatively describing their role in post-conflict countries, indicating their possible direct or indirect effects on conflict, and elaborating on the trade-offs between short-term and long-term objectives.The study highlights policy recommendations and implications in fourteen priority areas:the reintegration of ex-combatants and special groups (IDPs, refugees), infrastructure, employment, agriculture, education, health, fiscal policy and public finance, monetary policy and exchange rate management, the financial sector, external finances (capital flight, debt relief, remittances, ODA), trade, private sector development and entrepreneurship, economic governance (land property rights and access to land, corruption, the management of natural resources, illegal economic activities, regional conflict factors) and horizontal inequality.

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