Do No Harm

TitleDo No Harm
Publication TypeBook
Subtitle / Series TitleHow Aid Can Support Peace - Or War
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsAnderson, MB
Number of Pages161 pp.
PublisherLynne Rienner Publishers
CityBoulder, Colorado
ISBN978-1-55587-834-4
Abstract

Echoing the words of the Hippocratic Oath, the author of Do No Harm challenges aid agency staff to take responsibility for the ways that their assistance affects conflicts.Anderson cites the experiences of many aid providers in wartorn societies to show that international assistance - even when it is effective in saving lives, alleviating suffering, and furthering sustainable development - too often reinforces divisions among contending groups. But she more importantly offers hopeful evidence of creative programs that point the way to new approaches to aid. Calling for a redesign of assistance programs so that they do no harm while doing their intended good, she argues further that many opportunities exist for aid workers to in fact support the processes by which societies disengage from war.Published in 1999 at the five year mark of the Do No Harm Project, this book introduced the Do No Harm Framework.Excerpt: "When international assistance is given in the context of a violent conflict, it becomes a part of that context and thus also of the conflict. Although aid agencies often seek to be neutral or nonpartisan toward the winners and losers of a war; the impact of their aid is not neutral regarding whether conflict worsens or abates. When given in conflict settings, aid can reinforce, exacerbate, and prolong the conflict; it can also help to reduce tensions and strengthen people's capacities to disengage from fighting and find peaceful options for solving problems. Often an aid program does some of both: in some ways it worsens the conflict, and in others it supports disengagement. But it all cases aid given during conflict cannot remain separate from the conflict. This is a book a bout how aid and conflict interact. Based on broad experience of providing international assistance in conflict settings, it is neither theoretical nor speculative. The data are facts gleaned from past action and what has been learned from that action."Overview of the Contents:IntroductionWAR AND THE IMPACT OF EXTERNAL AID
Today’s Wars and the Pursuit of Justice
The Characteristics of Conflict Areas
Aid’s Impact on Conflict Through Resource Transfers
Aid’s Impact on Conflict Through Implicit Ethical Messages
Framework for Analyzing Aid’s Impact on ConflictLOCAL CAPACITIES FOR PEACE
Food for Work: Rebuilding Homes in Tajikistan
Children in Civil War: Programming Toward Peace in Lebanon
Norms of Humanitarian Conduct: Disseminating International Humanitarian Law in Burundi
The Harmony Project: Peace Building Amidst Poverty in India Village
Rehabilitation: Supporting Local Rebuilding in SomaliaCONCLUSION
Reflecting on the Role of Aid
 

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