Curbing Violence in Nigeria (III): Revisiting the Niger Delta

TitleCurbing Violence in Nigeria (III): Revisiting the Niger Delta
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsN.N.
Subtitle / Series TitleCrisisgroup Africa Report N°231
Pagination38 pp.
InstitutionInternational Crisis Group
CityAbuja/Dakar/Brussels
Abstract

Violence in the Niger Delta may soon increase unless the Nigerian government acts quickly and decisively to address long-simmering grievances. With the costly Presidential Amnesty Program for ex-insurgents due to end in a few months, there are increasingly bitter complaints in the region that chronic poverty and catastrophic oil pollution, which fuelled the earlier rebellion, remain largely unaddressed. Since Goodluck Jonathan, the first president from the Delta, lost re-election in March, some activists have resumed agitation for greater resource control and self-determination, and a number of ex-militant leaders are threatening to resume fighting (“return to the creeks”). While the Boko Haram insurgency in the North East is the paramount security challenge, President Muhammadu Buhari rightly identifies the Delta as a priority. He needs to act firmly but carefully to wind down the amnesty program gradually, revamp development and environmental programs, facilitate passage of the long-stalled Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB) and improve security and rule of law across the region.

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